What Is The Medical Term For Brain?

What medical term means brain?

CEPHAL- head.

encephal = the brain, en(in) cephal (the head) MENING- membrane..

What is the medical term for nerves?

Medical Terminology Neur/o = Nerves Neur/o = Nerves -tripsy = Crushing Myel/o = Bone Marrow -or- Spinal Cord -plasia = Formatio.

What defines a brain?

A brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals. It is located in the head, usually close to the sensory organs for senses such as vision.

What sends information to the brain?

The peripheral nervous system carries messages to and from the central nervous system. It sends information to the brain and carries out orders from the brain. Messages travel through the cranial nerves, those which branch out from the brain and go to many places in the head such as the ears, eyes and face.

What are the 4 types of nerves?

What are the types of nerves in the body?Autonomic nerves. These nerves control the involuntary or partially voluntary activities of your body, including heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and temperature regulation.Motor nerves. … Sensory nerves.

Do nerves carry blood?

The main difference between nerve and vein is that nerve is an axon bundle of neurons in the peripheral nervous system, which carries nerve impulses whereas veins are blood vessels, which return deoxygenated blood towards the heart. Both nerves and veins vary in size.

What term means inflammation of the nerve?

NeurNeur/itis: Inflammation of a nerve.

What is the medical term for a brain freeze?

Brain freeze, otherwise known as ice cream headache, is technically known as cold neuralgia or sphenopalatine ganglioneuralgia. Big words for a short— but-agonizing— episode.

How do nerves send messages to the brain?

When neurons communicate, an electrical impulse triggers the release of neurotransmitters from the axon into the synapse. The neurotransmitters cross the synapse and bind to special molecules on the other side, called receptors. Receptors are located on the dendrites. Receptors receive and process the message.

How fast do nerves send messages to the brain?

Communication with the brain and how the brain processes the received information is still very mysterious. But scientists have an idea how fast nerves send signals. It varies among different animals and humans, but in general one can say it is very fast, on the order of 115197 ft/sec (3560 m/sec).

Which body part sends messages to the brain?

The cerebellum — also called the “little brain” because it looks like a small version of the cerebrum — is responsible for balance, movement, and coordination. The pons and the medulla, along with the midbrain, are often called the brainstem. The brainstem takes in, sends out, and coordinates the brain’s messages.